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ContractorWith over 20 years of experience preparing candidates for the contractor exams for the trade and Business, Law and Management, Contractor School Online (CSO) is your primary resource to help you pass your State Contractor License Exam! We offer online practice tests, study materials, books, CD-ROMs, crash courses and more depending on the state.

To become a certified contractor you must pass a Business and Law exam in many states and, depending on the classification you need, you may need to pass a trade exam as well. If you are unsure what your classification requires, please use our Information Request Form.

Contractor School Online (CSO) will assist you with their professional consultants and provide study materials, also practice tests for the Business, Law, and Management and your trade if available. If purchases are made elsewhere make sure the correct author, title and year are appropriate for the trade.

CSO Business and Law Practice Test coincides with the required State Contractor’s Manual.

Please note: Inventory Pricing - Contractors State Bonding and Subjects may change without notice.

 


Business, Law and Management Manual ($78.75)
License Information
Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of business organization and operation, contractual agreements, license law, risk management, employer laws and
regulations, financial management, tax law, lien law, and OSHA regulations.

Examination Outline
Open Book
50 Questions - Two-hour time limit
75% Correct required to pass

Exam Topic %
Business Organization and Management 6
Licensing 8
Estimating and Bidding 8
Contracts 12
Project Management 12
Risk Management 6
Safety - OSHA 6
Labor Laws 16
Financial Management 10
Tax Laws 10
Lien Laws 6

















IRS Circular E, Employer’s Tax Guide, Publication 15, Current Year Edition, 1.800.TAX.Form,
This reference may be brought into the exam room in loose-leaf format.
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Montana-MT Electrical License Online Practice Test ($135) Content
  • Montana-MT Electrical License Online Practice Test
  • 3 Months Access, Available 24/7
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Montana-MT Low Voltage License Online Practice Test ($95) Content
  • Montana-MT Low Voltage License Online Practice Test
  • 3 Months Access, Available 24/7
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Montana-MT Plumbing License Online Practice Test ($135) Content
  • Montana-MT Plumbing License Online Practice Test
  • 3 Months Access, Available 24/7
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Montana-MT Telecommunications License Online Practice Test ($85) Content
  • Montana-MT Telecommunications License Online Practice Test
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Low Voltage Combo Package ($151.75)
  • Low Voltage Online Practice Test
  • 3 Months Access, Available 24/7
  • Business, Law and Management Manual
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Electrical Combo Package ($151.75)
  • Electrical Online Practice Test
  • 3 Months Access, Available 24/7
  • Business, Law and Management Manual
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MONTANA STATE INFORMATION

 

ALL TRADES MUST TAKE BUSINESS, LAW and MANAGEMENT TEST

(Unless State Say’s Otherwise)

 

Montana State, Counties and Cities have different % passing score, depending on your trade.

 

Important Note:  The year of the manuals and codes may change with reference to the trades.

 

State Information - How do I get an Independent Contractors Exemption Certificate? (ICEC)

Submit a completed department application form bearing the applicant’s original notarized signature in which you declare under penalty of perjury that the statements contained on the form are true and accurate to the best of your ability.

 

Submit documentation confirming the applicant is engaged in an independently established business.

 

Submit a notarized waiver.

 

Misusing the Certificate Can be Costly.

The Department will have the authority to investigate the working relationship between an independent contractor (IC) and his/her hiring agent. The Department may suspend or revoke an independent contractor exemption certificate.

 

When a certificate has been suspended or revoked, the IC and the hiring agent will be put on notice that the IC’s status is no longer conclusively presumed. The hiring agent may then be responsible for workers’ compensation coverage on that IC if the IC continues to work for him/her under a suspended or revoked independent contractor exemption certificate.

Fines of up to $1000 per violation may be assessed against the hiring agent if:

 

a) Control is exerted to the extent it creates an employer/employee relationship, or obtains an Independent Contractor Exemption Certificate. When approved, this exempts an individual from workers’ compensation and unemployment insurance. A sole proprietor, working member of a partnership, member managed limited liability company or manager managed limited liability company (construction industry) may apply for the exemption.

Corporate officers of corporations and managers of manager-managed limited liability companies (non-construction industry) may apply for the exemption certificate. Officers and managers would be exempt from workers’ compensation but not from unemployment insurance.

 

Contact unemployment insurance department.  The exemption is valid for 2 years. Any employees hired by the independent contractor must be covered by a workers’ compensation policy.Exemption forms are available at local Job Service offices, and on the website below. For more information, contact the Independent Contractor Central Unit, Montana Department of Labor & Industry, Employment Relations Division, 1805 Prospect Avenue, PO Box 8011 Helena, MT 59604.

 

The Montana Department of Labor & Industry has compiled this information as a guide only. This information does not cover all situations, and does not replace or supersede any law,administrative rule or regulation. For more detailed information regarding independent contractor laws, contact the Montana Department of Labor & Industry Independent Contractor Central Unit.

 

b) The hiring agent requires an employee to adopt IC status to avoid their obligations to provide workers’ compensation coverage. The same fines may be assessed against an IC for:

a) Performing work as an IC without first obtaining a certificate,

b) Performing work as an IC when the Department has revoked or denied a certificate,

c) Transferring to another person or allowing another person to use a certificate that was not issued to that person, or

d) Misrepresenting the person’s status as an IC.

 

Who Decides?

Whether one is an independent contractor or an employee is a complex issue. The Independent Contractor Central Unit (ICCU) investigates working relationships and determines if the worker(s) are ICs or employees. Wage withholding, unemployment insurance, workers’ compensation, human rights, and wage and hour issues are all decided using the same standards, and by one agency, the ICCU. Decisions made by ICCU are binding upon other agencies, so an employer will receive one decision from the state in a timely manner.

 

Independent Contractor Exemptions

Owners of a business that consider themselves independent contractors MUST have workers’ compensation coverage on themselves or INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR

 

Business, Law and Management

 

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of business organization and operation, contractual agreements, license law, risk management, employer laws and regulations, financial management, tax law, lien law, and OSHA regulations.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

50 Questions - Two-hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

Business Organization and Management 6

Licensing 8

Estimating and Bidding 8

Contracts 12

Project Management 12

Risk Management 6

Safety - OSHA 6

Labor Laws 16

Financial Management 10

Tax Laws 10

Lien Laws 6

 

References

NOTE: The following references were used to develop this exam. You may use older editions of references at your own discretion. However, older editions may or may not contain applicable information to the content on the exam. You assume the risk of using an older reference than that listed below.

 

The following references are allowed in the test center.

 

1. Business, Law and Management

2. IRS Circular E, Employer’s Tax Guide, Publication 15, Current Year Edition, 1.800.TAX.Form, www.irs.gov/publications/. This reference may be brought into the exam room in loose-leaf format.

 

All construction contractors and sub-contractors must register with the Department of Labor and Industry if they have employees. Those contractors without employees may register, but are not required to do so.

To get an application to register as a contractor or subcontractor, contact:

Contractors Registration Unit
Employment Relations Division
Department of Labor and Industry
P.O. Box 8011
Helena, MT 59604-8011


If you're a licensed electrician or plumber and work only in those trades, you don't need to register with the Department. You do need a Montana license.

Contractor's registration - You won't have to take an exam to register with the Department. Registration and it's good for two years.

Electrician's Licenses - To do electrical work in Montana, you must obtain a license. Montana licenses electrical contractors, master, journeyman, and residential electricians.

Electrical Contractor's License - To qualify for an electrical contractor's license, you must have a master electrician's license you got by testing in Montana or employ a licensed master electrician who will be responsible for the electrical work you do. You don't have to pass an exam to get a contractor license. The license is good for three years.

You will have to pass an exam to obtain a master, journeyman, or residential electrician's license.

Master Electrician's License - To apply for the master electrician's exam you must prove you can meet one of these three requirements:

  • An electrical engineering degree and one year practical electrical work experience
  • Graduation from a post-secondary electrical trade school and four years practical work experience
  • Five years of practical work as a journeyman, with planning, layout, and supervision experience. The experience must be a blend of commercial, residential, industrial and institutional wiring for light, heat and power.

Journeyman Electrician's License - To apply for a journeyman electrician's license you must prove you can meet either of these two requirements:

  • completion of an apprenticeship program of four years (8,000 hours) electrical work
  • four years (8,000 hours) of practical work experience with wiring, apparatus, or equipment for electrical light, heat and power

No more than 4,000 hours can be in residential construction. Remaining hours must be in commercial, industrial, or institutional construction. The State may give you credit for hours you spend in a recognized electrical trade school.

Residential Electrician's License - To apply for a residential electrician's license you must prove you can meet either of these two requirements:

  • completion of a two-year electrical apprenticeship
  • two years (4,000 hours) of practical work experience with wiring, apparatus, or equipment for electrical light, heat and power in residential construction

Electrician's license fee renewals are every three years.

If you can submit verification from a licensing agency in a state with qualification at least equal to Montana's (Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oregon, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Washington and Wyoming), and you received the license in that state by testing and scoring at least a 75%, you can apply to get a Montana journeyman license without taking an exam.

Plumber's Licenses - To do plumbing work in Montana you must obtain a license. The trade licenses for master and journeyman plumbers and you must pass an exam given by the State Testing Center to obtain a license.

Master Plumber's License - To qualify for a master plumber's license you must prove you meet these requirements:

  • four years (minimum of 1,500 hours per year) work experience as a journeyman plumber, of which three must be as a master plumber or supervisor in plumbing work
  • nine years’ experience verified by notarized statements or letters

Journeyman Plumber's License - To apply for a journeyman plumber's license you must prove you have five years of practical plumbing work experience or have a voucher completed by an active licensed master plumber.

Plumber's License - To file an application for a license and take an exam. A master license and a journeyman license expire September 1st each year.

Montana has reciprocity with North Dakota, Oregon and Idaho on the journeyman plumbing license. If you provide a letter of verification from the licensing agency in North Dakota or Idaho you can get a Montana journeyman license without taking an exam.

Department of Transportation (DOT) - The Montana Department of Transportation doesn't prequalify contractors. To bid on highway construction projects in Montana you must obtain a license through the Montana Department of Labor. For information on bid invitations, contact:

Montana Department of Transportation
2701 Prospect Ave.
Helena, MT 59620
(406) 444-6200


Out-of-State Corporations - Out-of-state corporations must register with the Montana Secretary of State to do business in the state.

Master Electrical

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the design, plan, installation, repair, alteration, and maintenance of electric conductors, raceways, and equipment for light, heat, and power.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

100 Questions - Four-hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

General Electrical Knowledge 10

Wiring and Protection 25

Wiring Methods and Materials 20

Equipment for General Use 20

Special Occupancies 10

Special Equipment 5

Special Conditions 5

Communication Systems 5

 

References

 

The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1.NFPA 70 National Electrical Code, 2008 Edition, National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, www.nfpa.org.

 

The following references were used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

1. Alternating Current Fundamentals, Seventh Edition, 2006, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

2. Mike Holt’s Illustrated Guide to Basic Electrical Theory, Third Edition, 2008, Mike Holt Enterprises, Inc., 3604 Parkway Boulevard, Suite 3, Leesburg, FL 34748, www.NECcode.com.

3. Print Reading Based on the 2008 National Electrical Code (NEC), 2008 Edition, American Technical Publishers (ATP), 1155 West 175th Street, Homewood, IL 60430-4600, www.go2atp.com.

 

Journeyman Residential Electrical

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the planning, installation, repair, alteration, and maintenance of electric conductors, raceways, and equipment for light, heat, and power in one-, two- and three-family dwellings.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

40 Questions - Two-hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

General Electrical Knowledge 10

Wiring and Protection 25

Wiring Methods and Materials 25

Equipment for General Use 20

Special Occupancies 5

Special Equipment 5

Special Conditions 5

Communications Systems 5

 

References

The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1.NFPA 70 National Electrical Code, 2011 Edition, National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, www.nfpa.org.

 

The following references was used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

1. Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity, Fourth Edition, 2008, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

 

Journeyman Electrical

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the planning, installation, repair, alteration, and maintenance of electric conductors, raceways, and equipment for light, heat, and power.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

80 Questions - Three-hour time limit

75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

General Electrical Knowledge 10

Wiring and Protection 25

Wiring Methods and Materials 20

Equipment for General Use 20

Special Occupancies 10

Special Equipment 5

Special Conditions 5

Communication Systems 5

 

References

 

The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1.NFPA 70 National Electrical Code, 2011 Edition, National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101, www.nfpa.org.

 

The following references was used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

1. Delmar’s Standard Textbook of Electricity, Fourth Edition, 2008, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

 

Master Plumbing

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the installation, repair, maintenance, and extension of any plumbing system, including drains, waste, sanitary vents, water supply, fixtures, and indirect wastes.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

100 Questions – 4 hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass  

 

Exam Topic %

General Knowledge 18

General Regulations 26

Plumbing Fixtures 6

Water Supply Systems 10

Drainage, Waste and Sanitary Vents 18

Indirect Waste 4

Roof Drain Piping 3

Specialty Plumbing 5

Isometric Analysis 10

 

References

NOTE: The following references were used to develop this exam. With the exception of the Code books, you may use newer editions of references as they become available at your own discretion. However, newer editions may or may not contain applicable information to the content on the exam. You assume the risk of using a more current reference than that listed below. In regards to Code books, only the edition of the Code book listed below will be allowed into the test site.

 

The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1. International Plumbing Code, 2009, International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795, www.iccsafe.org.

2. 29 CFR 1926 OSHA Construction Industry Regulations, July 1, 2009, MANCOMM, 315 West 4th Street, Davenport, IA 52801.

 

The following references were used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

1. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, Part 1926 (OSHA), July 1, 2009, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954, www.access.gpo.gov.

2. Mathematics for Plumbers and Pipefitters, Seventh Edition, 2008, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

3. Modern Plumbing, 2005 Edition, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., 18604 West Creek Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477-6243, www.g-w.com.

 

 

Journeyman Plumbing

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the installation, repair, maintenance, and extension of any plumbing system, including drains, waste, sanitary vents, water supply, fixtures, and indirect wastes.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

100 Questions – 4 hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

General Knowledge 18

General Regulations 26

Plumbing Fixtures 6

Water Supply Systems 10

Drainage, Waste and Sanitary Vents 18

Indirect Waste 4

Roof Drain Piping 3

Specialty Plumbing 5

Isometric Analysis 10

 

References

NOTE: The following references were used to develop this exam. With the exception of the Code books, you may use newer editions of references as they become available at your own discretion. However, newer editions may or may not contain applicable information to the content on the exam. You assume the risk of using a more current reference than that listed below.

 

In regards to Code books, only the edition of the Code book listed below will be allowed into the test site. The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1. International Plumbing Code, 2009, International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795, www.iccsafe.org.

2. 29 CFR 1926 OSHA Construction Industry Regulations, July 1, 2009, MANCOMM, 315 West 4th Street, Davenport, IA 52801.

 

The following references were used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

 

1. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, Part 1926 (OSHA), July 1, 2009, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954, www.access.gpo.gov.

2. Mathematics for Plumbers and Pipefitters, Seventh Edition, 2008, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

3. Modern Plumbing, 2005 Edition, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., 18604 West Creek Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477-6243, www.g-w.com.

 

Master Residential Plumbing

License Information

Scope – Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the design, installation, repair, maintenance, and extension of a plumbing system, including drains, waste, sanitary vents, water supply, fixtures, and indirect wastes as it applies to one-and two-family residences, also multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories in height.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

100 Questions – 4 hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

Exam Topic %

General Knowledge 26

General Regulations 26

Plumbing Fixtures 8

Water Supply Systems 10

Drainage, Waste and Sanitary Vents 20

Isometric Analysis 10

 

References

NOTE: The following references were used to develop this exam. With the exception of the Code books, you may use newer editions of references as they become available at your own discretion. However, newer editions may or may not contain applicable information to the content on the exam. You assume the risk of using a more current reference than that listed below. In regards to Code books, only the edition of the Code book listed below will be allowed into the test site. The following references are allowed in the testing center.

 

1. International Residential Code for One- and-Two-Family Dwellings, 2009, International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795, www.iccsafe.org.

2. 29 CFR 1926 OSHA Construction Industry Regulations, July 1, 2009, MANCOMM, 315 West 4th Street, Davenport, IA 52801.

 

The following references were used to create exam questions but are not allowed in the testing center.

 

1. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 29, Part 1926 (OSHA), July 1, 2009, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954, www.access.gpo.gov.

2. Mathematics for Plumbers and Pipefitters, Seventh Edition, 2008, Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

3. Modern Plumbing, 2005 Edition, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., 18604 West Creek Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477-6243, www.g-w.com.

 

Journeyman Residential Plumbing

License Information

Scope- Tests a candidate’s knowledge of the installation, repair, maintenance, and extension of a plumbing system, including drains, waste, sanitary vents, water supply, and fixtures as it applies to one and two-family residences, also multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories in height.

 

Examination Outline

Open Book

100 Questions – Three-hour time limit

70% or 75% Correct Required to Pass

 

SUBJECT AREA PERCENTAGE

GENERAL KNOWLEDGE 26

GENERAL REGULATIONS 26

PLUMBING FIXTURES 8

WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS 10

DRAINAGE, WASTE AND SANITARY VENTS 20

ISOMETRIC ANALYSIS 10

 

References

The following references are allowed in the testing center:

 

1. International Plumbing Code, 2006, International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795, www.iccsafe.org.

2. International Residential Code for One- and Two-Family Dwellings, 2006, International Code Council, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795,

www.iccsafe.org.

 

The following references have been used to create exam questions but are NOT allowed in the testing center:

 

1. Modern Plumbing, 2005 Edition, Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc., 18604 West Creek Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477-6243, www.g-w.com.

2. Mathematics for Plumbers and Pipefitters, Sixth Edition, 2004, Thomson Delmar Learning, P.O. Box 6904, Florence, KY 41022, www.delmarlearning.com.

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