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ContractorWith over 20 years of experience preparing candidates for the contractor exams for the trade and Business, Law and Management, Contractor School Online (CSO) is your primary resource to help you pass your State Contractor License Exam! We offer online practice tests, study materials, books, CD-ROMs, crash courses and more depending on the state.

To become a certified contractor you must pass a Business and Law exam in many states and, depending on the classification you need, you may need to pass a trade exam as well. If you are unsure what your classification requires, please use our Information Request Form.

Contractor School Online (CSO) will assist you with their professional consultants and provide study materials, also practice tests for theBusiness, Law, and Management and your trade if available. If purchases are made elsewhere make sure the correct author, title and year are appropriate for the trade.

CSO Business and Law Practice Test coincides with the required State Contractor's Manual.

Please note: Inventory Pricing - Contractors State Bonding and Subjects may change without notice.



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VERMONT STATE

Contractors need to be certified to do asbestos or lead abatement and licensed to do electrical or plumbing work.

Unless you do plumbing work just on your own property or a few other special situations, you'll need a license to work in Vermont.

Licensing and Certifications

The Fire Safety administers licensing and certification of trade groups to maintain professionals at a high level of technical knowledge. The various trades have levels of training and experience which has contributed to the Divisions success in reducing fire related fatalities and injuries by 50% percent over the past 10 years. Most licensing and certification programs require continuing education to keep current with code changes and emerging technology.

The Fire Safety Department does not sell code books. Contact Contractor School Online to purchase the codes and standards or need assistants by their National Professional Consultants.

FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION CREDITS - 15 HR REQUIREMENT

 

 ELECTRICAL LICENSING

With limited exceptions, anyone performing electrical work in the State of Vermont, other than in a residential building containing two or fewer dwelling units or electrical work regulated under the National Electrical Code. Communications Circuits, is required to be licensed as an electrician. An elevator or lift mechanic that is licensed is permitted to install, alter or maintain electrical wiring required for an elevator or lift beginning after the main electrical disconnect for the elevator or lift. The main disconnect for the elevator or lift and building wiring and devices associated with an elevator or lift, such as electrical lights, receptacles and fire alarm devices are required to be installed by an electrician licensed under this section.

 

To become licensed to do electrical work in the State of Vermont an applicant must meet the requirements established by the following sections:

 

Master Electrician

(a) To be eligible for licensure as a master electrician, an applicant shall:

(1) Have been licensed as, and working as, a journeyman electrician under this chapter for at least two years; or

(2) Have had comparable experience and training, within or without this state, acceptable to the board; and

(3) Pass an examination to the satisfaction of the board.

(b) Upon successful completion of the examination and payment of the required fee, the applicant shall receive a master electrician's license in the form of a wallet-size card. This license shall be carried by the master electrician at all times while performing his or her trade and shall be displayed upon request.

(c) A licensed Master Electrician is entitled to design, install, repair, maintain and replace electrical installations including work in the specialty fields designated and his or her principal business or in the course of another business conducted by him or her, and may employ other persons licensed under this chapter or electrician's helpers to perform work in connection with electrical installations under his or her direction. In the case of an apprentice or helper, “under his or her direction” means either that the master is physically present on the work site and is immediately available to direct and supervise that apprentice or helper, or that a Journeyman Electrician under the Master Electrician direction is immediately available to direct and supervise that apprentice or helper.

Journeyman Electrician

(a) To be eligible for licensure as a journeyman electrician an applicant shall:

(1) Provide verification by the Vermont apprenticeship council of completion of an apprenticeship in electrical wiring which included both instruction and practice in work processes; or

(2) Have had equivalent training and acceptable to the board; and

(3) Pass an examination to the satisfaction of the board.

(b) The board may approve an applicant who has completed the instruction portion of the apprenticeship program to take the examination prior to completion of the practice in work experience. Where an applicant has successfully completed the examination, but not the practice in work experience, a license shall not be issued until the practice in work experience portion of the apprenticeship program has been completed.

(c) Upon successful completion of the examination and payment of the required fee, the applicant shall receive a journeyman electrician's license in the form of a wallet-size card. This license shall be carried by the journeyman at all times while performing his or her trade and shall be displayed upon request.

(d) A licensed Journeyman Electrician is entitled to perform electrical installations under the direction of a Master Electrician or a type-s Journeyman Electrician in connection with that specialty field, and may “Supervise an Apprentice Electrician” or an electrician's helper employed by a Master Electrician under the master electrician's direction. In the case of an apprentice or helper, supervise means that the journeyman is physically present on the work site and is immediately available to direct and supervise that apprentice or helper.

 

Type-S Journeyman Electrician

(a) To be eligible for licensure as a Type-S Journeyman an applicant shall:

(1) Complete an accredited training and experience program recognized by the board; or

(2) Have had training and experience, within or without this state, acceptable to the Board;

(3) Pass an examination to the satisfaction of the board in one or more of the following fields:

(A1) Automatic gas or oil heating, including geo-thermal;

(B2) Outdoor advertising;

(C3) Refrigeration or air conditioning;

(D4) Appliance and motor repairs;

(E5) Well pumps;

(F6) Farm Equipment;

(G7) Any miscellaneous specified area of specialized competence and this class includes:

(G7)c Commercial fire alarm systems

(G7)g Gas pump installation, including electrical work involving a canopy over gas pumps, and bulk plant work

(G7)k Electrical lock installation including delayed egress and access control

(G7)l Lightning rod installation

(b) Upon successful completion of the examination and payment of the required fee for each field in which a license is to be issued, the applicant shall receive a license in the form of a wallet-size card which shall be carried at all times while performing his or her trade and shall be displayed upon request.

(c) Type-S Journeyman Electrician is entitled to design, install, repair, maintain and replace electrical installations as an employee or an independent contractor only in connection with the specialty field designated on the person’s license, and may only install branch circuits from the existing electrical service. A Type-S Journeyman Electrician may employ other persons licensed under this chapter and may supervise an apprentice or an Electrician’s helper. In the case of an apprentice or helper, “supervise” means that the Type-S journeyman is physically present on the work site and is immediately available to direct and supervise that apprentice or helper.

(d) No person, other than a licensed master electrician, shall engage in the business of installing lightning rods, fire alarms or fire detection equipment or systems for another unless that person holds an appropriate type-s journeyman electricians' license, issued by the Board under this section.

 

State Application and Examinations  

(a) Each applicant for a license shall submit to the board, on forms furnished by it, a written application containing such relevant information as the board may require, accompanied by the required examination fee. The examination fee shall be established by the board but shall be no greater than the cost associated with administering the examination.

(b) Examinations shall be conducted in writing and shall include a practical skills examination. The examination shall cover theoretical and practical aspects of electrical work, together with pertinent laws and rules. In addition, the master electrician's examination shall contain questions on all specialty fields designated for type-s journeyman electricians.

(c) The board, in determining the qualifications of an applicant for a license, may in its discretion give recognition, in the case of an application for a master's license, to the applicant's experience as a licensed journeyman in another state, or in the application for a journeyman's license, to an apprenticeship served in another state, or may otherwise give recognition to experience or prior qualifications.

(d) The approval to an applicant for a license to take the required examination is valid for three years from the date of the approval by the board.

(e) An applicant who fails the exam may, upon payment of the required fee to the testing agency, retake the examination. The board shall require that an applicant obtain a minimum of 8 hours of education on the National Electrical Code or National Fire Alarm Code before retaking the examination where the applicant has failed the examination on three attempts.

(f) A person to whom a master electrician’s license or a journeyman electrician’s license has been previously issued by another state, whose standards are equivalent to those of this state, if under the laws or regulations of the state issuing the license a similar privilege is granted to electricians licensed under the laws of this state, shall be issued a reciprocal license without examination on payment of the required fee.

 

Note: Current reciprocal agreements include the States of New Hampshire, and Maine.

 

Renewal of License

a) All licenses expire on the last day of a month designated by the board. A license shall be valid for three years. A notice of renewal and application for renewal is sent to each licensee prior to the expiration of the license. The signed application for renewal, the certification of continuing education and the appropriate fee must be returned prior to the date that the license expires. The board shall renew the license of a person holding a valid license issued under this chapter on receipt of an application for renewal, certification of continuing education, child support certification, tax certification and the required fee, on or before the expiration date of his license.

b) All Journeyman and Master Electricians shall, as a condition of license renewal, complete 15 hours of instruction, approved by the board, on the national electrical code during the preceding 36-month period. All holders of a type-S journeyman license shall, as a condition of renewal, complete eight hours of instruction, approved by the board, on the subject of the license holder’s specialty during the preceding 36 months. A person who is licensed in more than two fields of specialized competence shall not be required to complete more than a total of 15 hours of instruction.

c) If a license is allowed to lapse it may be renewed within one year of its expiration date by the payment of $25.00 in addition to the renewal fee. A licensed electrician whose license has lapsed shall not accomplish any unsupervised electrical installation work covered by these rules until the license has been renewed.

d) If a license is not renewed within one year of its expiration date the inactive licensee shall make application for a new license and shall follow the appropriate licensing procedure. The Board may waive the requirement for reexamination where there is an undue hardship or other unusual circumstance.

 

ELECTRICIANS AND ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

 

Definitions

As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:

(1) "Board" means the electricians' licensing board created under this chapter.

(2) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of public safety.

(3) "Complex structure" shall have the same meaning as the term "public building" as defined in subdivision 2900(8) of Title 20.

(4) "Electrical inspector" means a state electrical inspector employed pursuant to section 915 of this title.

(5) "Electrical installation" means wires, fixtures or apparatus installed in a complex structure or at the construction site of such structure for the transmission and use of commercially supplied or privately generated electrical energy.

(6) "Electrician's helper" means a person assisting in the construction, installation or repair of an electrical installation under the direct supervision of a master or journeyman electrician who is present at the work site.

(7) "Legislative body" means the board of selectmen of a town, the board of aldermen or city council of a city, or the board of trustees of an incorporated village.

(8) "Municipal inspector" means an electrical inspector authorized to conduct municipal inspections pursuant to section 898 of this title.

(9) "Registered apprentice" means an apprentice registered with the apprenticeship division of the state department of labor for electrical training.

(10) "Work notice" means the notice required to be filed under this chapter by an electrician prior to commencement of electrical work.

 

Journeyman Electricians

(a) To be eligible for licensure as a journeyman electrician an applicant shall:

(1) Provide verification by the Vermont apprenticeship council of completion of an apprenticeship in electrical wiring which included both instruction and practice in work processes; or

(2) Have had equivalent training and experience, within or without this state, acceptable to the board.

(3) Pass an examination to the satisfaction of the board.

(b) Upon successful completion of the examination and payment of the required fee, the applicant shall receive a journeyman electrician's license in the form of a wallet-size card. This license shall be carried by the journeyman at all times while performing his or her trade and shall be displayed upon request.

(c) A person licensed under this chapter as a journeyman electrician is entitled to perform electrical installations under the direction of a master electrician, and may supervise an apprentice electrician or an electrician's helper employed by a Master Electrician under the Master Electrician's direction.

 

Type-S Journeyman Electrician

(a) To be eligible for licensure as a type-S journeyman an applicant shall:

(1) Complete an accredited training and experience program recognized by the board; or

(2) Have had training and experience, within or without this state, acceptable to the board; and

(3) Pass an examination to the satisfaction of the board in one or more of the following fields:

(A) Automatic gas or oil heating;

(B) Outdoor advertising

(C) Refrigeration or air conditioning;

(D) Appliance and motor repairs;

(E) Well pumps;

(F) Farm equipment;

(G) Any miscellaneous specified area of specialized competence.

 

Application and Examinations

(a) Examinations shall be conducted in writing and shall include a practical skills examination. The examination shall cover theoretical and practical aspects of electrical work, together with pertinent laws and rules. In addition, the master electrician's examination shall contain questions on the installation of lightning rods, fire alarms and fire detection systems.

(b) An applicant who fails the examination may, upon payment of the required fee, retake the examination.

 

Examinations Not Required

Licenses shall be issued without examination on payment of the required fee. A master's or journeyman's license, as the case may be, shall be issued to a person to whom a master electrician's license or a journeyman electrician's license has been previously issued by another state, whose standards are equivalent to those of this state, if under the laws or regulations of the state issuing the license a similar privilege is granted to electricians licensed under the laws of this state.

 

Recognition of Experience in or Out of State

The board, in determining the qualifications of an applicant for a license, may in its discretion give recognition, in the case of an application for a master's license, to the applicant's experience as a licensed journeyman in another state, or in the case of an application for a journeyman's license, to an apprenticeship served in another state, or may otherwise give recognition to experience or prior qualifications.

 

Expiration and Renewal of Licenses; Continuing Education

(a) All licenses expire on the last day of a month designated by the board. A license shall be valid for three years. The board shall renew the license of a person holding a valid license issued under this chapter on receipt of an application for renewal and the required fee on or before the expiration date of his license, except as provided in section 892 of this title.

(b) All journeyman and master electricians shall, as a condition of license renewal, complete 15 hours of instruction, approved by the board, on the national electrical code during the preceding 36-month period. All holders of a type-S journeyman license shall, as a condition of renewal, complete eight hours of instruction, approved by the board, on the subject of the license holder's specialty during the preceding 36 months, except that holders of multiple type-S licenses shall not be required to complete more than 15 hours of instruction during the preceding 36 months.

 

License not required

A license shall not be required for the following types of work:

(1) Any electrical work, including construction, installation, operation, maintenance and repair of electrical installations in, on or about equipment or premises, which are owned or leased by the operator of any industrial or manufacturing plant, if the work is done under the supervision of an electrical engineer or master electrician in the employ of the operator;

(2) Installation in laboratories of exposed electrical wiring for experimental purposes only;

(3) Any electrical work by an owner or his or her regular employees in the owner's freestanding single unit residence, in outbuildings accessory to such freestanding single unit residence or any structure on owner-occupied farms;

(4) Electrical installations performed as a part of a training project of a vocational school or other educational institution. However, the installation shall be inspected if the building in which the installation is made, is to be used as a "complex structure";

(5) Electrical work performed by an electrician's helper under the direct supervision of a person who holds an appropriate license issued under this chapter;

(6) Any electrical work in a building used for dwelling or residential purposes which contains no more than two dwelling units.

(7) Installation of solar electric modules and racking on complex structures to the point of connection to field-fabricated wiring and erection of net metered wind turbines.

 

PLUMBING

The purpose of state rules is to protect and improve the general health and welfare of the people of the State of Vermont in the fields of environmental sanitation, water treatment, domestic supply and hydronically related hot water heating, by authorizing and enforcing rules and regulations for properly designed, acceptably installed and adequately maintained plumbing, water treatment and hydronically related water heating systems and by licensing qualified plumbers and qualified heating and water treatment specialists.

These rules shall apply to all public buildings, whether or not connected to public water systems or public sewage systems, and to all other buildings or facilities connected to a public water or sewage system. Owner-occupied single family residences which are not on public water systems or public sewage systems are not covered by these rules. Existing public buildings, and all other existing buildings or facilities which are on public water systems or public sewage systems must comply with these rules whenever the plumbing in those buildings or premises is changed, replaced, or altered.

Currently Adopted Codes

NOTE: The Department of Fire Safety does not sell code books. Contact: Contractor School Online.

Related Information

New Law Regarding the Amount of Lead in Plumbing Fixtures, Pipe and Solder:

Effective January 1, 2010 , a new law (known as “Act 193”) restricting the sale or use of plumbing fixtures, pipes and solder, with lead amounts that are above the new limits applies in all plumbing fixtures which convey or distribute water for human consumption (i.e. water that is used for cooking or drinking).

 

 

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